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Since its partition in the 1950s, the Korean peninsula has directly or indirectly shaped the broader security relations between regional powerhouses, and the recent test of a nuclear weapon by the North Korean regime has heightened tensions across the world. This study draws upon contributions from a diverse array of experts who offer their perspectives on the region's complex network of alliances and hostilities. The authors discuss the future of the region, the potential for military conflict and a new arms race, and the ways to maintain peace and stability.
Since its partition in the 1950s, the Korean peninsula has directly or indirectly shaped the broader security relations between regional powerhouses, while the recent test of a nuclear weapon by the North Korean regime has heightened tensions across the world. Japan, feeling increasingly threatened by the North Korean regime and China's extravagant military expenditures, has begun questioning Article IX in its Constitution that renounces war and the maintenance of armed forces. Its neighbors, still haunted by Japanese atrocities during World War II, are fearful of a new nuclear arms race in the region. The United States, for its part, has adopted unprecedented hard-line policies in response to 9/11, going so far as to condemn North Korea as part of an axis of evil. It has strengthened its alliance with Japan and alienated its long-time strategic partner South Korea. Add to this the economic entanglements of each of these countries both with each other and with the rest of the world, and the regional security issues become even more paramount.
This study makes sense of these complex alliances and frictions and offers an array of perspectives on the future of the region, the potential for military conflict and a new arms race, and the ways to maintain peace and stability. Topics include big power rivalries, South Korea's sunshine policy, anti-Americanism, and emerging nationalisms.
I was crazy. Crazy mad. That's how I felt when I turned in my AK-47 rifle. The commanding officer's growl still haunts me: "This gun is your god. You listen to the voice of your god and go where your gun tells you."
This book studies important aspects of the EU as an international actor. It deals with the EU's foreign and security policies as they have developed in recent years. Institutionally the focus is on the second pillar of the Union, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and its defence component, the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDF). The latter in particular has gone through important developments in recent years, taking the EU into a realm which was largely a no-go area until 1999. The book has sections on theoretical and conceptual aspects: how do we study this subject matter and how do we explain developments? The empirical chapters deal with the EU and its near abroad, mostly Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean. The section on the EU's far abroad includes chapters on relations with America, Asia and Africa. Finally there are chapters looking at particular aspects of ESDP. Despite difficulties the EU is increasingly becoming an international actor. Chapter 1: "Introduction: The EU as a Foreign Policy Actor" Finn Laursen SECTION 1: THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL PERSPECTIVES Chapter 2: "Past its Peak? The European Union as a Global Actor 10 Years After Charlotte Bretherton and John Vogler Chapter 3: "Realism, Grand Strategy and the EU's International Relations" Barry Andrew Hussey Chapter 4: "Theory in the Study of CFSP: From Building a Multi-Causal/Multi-level Framework to a Synergetic Foreign Policy Institutions Theory" Maciej Wilga Chapter 5: "Soft Power Discourse and the Significance of European Foreign Policy Methods" Philippine Colson SECTION 2: THE EU AND ITS NEAR ABROAD Chapter 6: "The EU and Conflict Resolution: De Facto States in the Neighbourhood" Steven Blockmans Chapter 7: "The EU as a Global Actor in Post-Conflict Societies: The Case of Macedonia" Edward Moxon-Brown Chapter 8: "Policy-making and New Modes of Governance in the European Neighbourhood Policy" Stefan Ganzle Chapter 9: "Vortex of a Regional Security Complex: The EuroMed Partnership and its Security Relevance" Astrid B. Boening SECTION 3: THE EU AND ITS FAR ABROAD Chapter 10: "The EU and North America: Transatlantic Relations as a Tool for Improving the EU's Role as a Global Actor" Natividad Fernandez Sola Chapter 11: "Engaging Regional Partners for Effective Conflict Resolution: Problems and Prospects of the EU's Strategic Partnerships in Asia" Saponti Baroowa Chapter 12: "EU Responses to Taiwan's Applications in the WTO, WHO and UN" Sigrid Winkler Chapter 13: "The EU as a Global Actor? EU Policies towards Iran and Cuba" Lynne Dryburgh Chapter 14: "A Security Actor in a Changing World? The EU in Africa" Toni Haastrup SECTION 4: POLICY MAKING ASPECTS Chapter 15: "A 'Militarisation' of the EU? The EU as a Global Actor and Neutral Member States" Nicole Alecu de Flers Chapter 16: "The Danish Defence Opt-Out: Who Cares?" Finn Laursen Chapter 17: "Concluding Thoughts: CFSP Explanations and Future Requirements" Finn Laursen Index"
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